Regenerative Agriculture for Lebanon

Lebanon's history:

In 1975, a civil war raged in Lebanon for fifteen years. It was followed by thirty years of a corrupt and ineffectual government, which lead to an economic crisis that exploded on October 17th, 2019 in a revolution (Thawra) demanding reforms. The currency devalued by 85%, inflation rose by 150% setting the stage for a severe food crisis, with no reforms in sight. Three months later, the shroud of COVID-19 casts its shadow and a famine was predicted. A country unable to feed itself reliant on food imports and an unsustainable

agricultural system, created a humanitarian crisis. Six months later, on August 4, a blast at the port of Beirut destroyed three neighborhoods, with sound waves heard across the Mediterranean Sea as far as Cyprus.

Huge explosion rising from silo building with white cloud and large orange cloud extending high up in the sky.
Beirut explosion.

It is important to note that beneath the layers of Beirut lies thousands of years of ancient history. Phoenician, Egyptian, Assyrians, Babylonian, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Medieval Muslims, Christian Crusaders, Ottoman ruled the land in succession, until the modern colonial occupation and finally, Lebanon’s independence in 1920.

Ancient ruin site beneath street level in the heart of Beirut, with a church a buildings above.
Ruins in Beirut.
Eroded carving in a limestone face of an Egyptian ruler.
Eroded carving in limestone

On the commemorative stelae of

Nahr-el-Kalb, carved into a limestone

face North of Beirut, you will find ancient

hieroglyphics of conquering armies,

soldiers marking their passage,

from Ramses II, to Roman and Greek

inscriptions, to the first colonial memorial

to Napoleon III, all the way to the celebration

of the independence of Lebanon, in 1946.

Graffiti on the wall of an abandoned building spelling Fuck the System 18/10/2019.
Painting in turquoise and purple of a phoenix bird flying on concrete column in abandonned building.
Painted Bird.

Today's inscriptions have morphed into graffiti: messages of political discontent alongside a rising Phoenix, mythological symbol of rebirth.

In less than a year, Lebanon sustained three disasters. To say that the Lebanese have endured pain and suffering would be an understatement. Months later, Beirut braced itself for a mental health crisis from the traum